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Report: Latin American forests are key to sustainable environmental and food security in the world

The meeting of the Forestry Commission of Latin America and the Caribbean COFLAC highlighted the importance of forests in improving people's livelihoods, facing the effects of climate change, and stopping the loss of biological diversity, according to the Spanish newspaper "El Mundo".

The newspaper pointed out that the meeting of the Latin American Forestry Commission held last week in Jamaica, the importance of forests in improving people's livelihoods, and the Regional Representative of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Julio Berdigy, said that "forests play a strategic role in the resilience of food systems. In the future, sustainable forest products allow for increased social, economic and environmental benefits.

According to the Food and Agriculture Organization, forests provide ecosystem services that are critical to agriculture, such as regulating river flow, recharging groundwater and protecting soils.

Despite this, deforestation and forest degradation continue, contributing to the current loss of biodiversity. According to FAO data, South America lost 2.6 million hectares of forest each year in the 2010-2020 period, the second highest rate in the world after Africa.

A report published by the International Botanic Gardens Conservation Foundation confirmed that a third of the forest wealth in Latin America and the Caribbean are at risk of extinction, and the International Survey for the Conservation of Botanic Gardens showed that seven staple crops are responsible for more than half of deforestation worldwide. Like the Honduran rosewood (Dalbergia stevensonii), a Central American tree whose wood is incredibly dense, and highly valued for the manufacture of musical instruments, and due to demand, the forests of this precious species in Belize have practically disappeared, and the tree is listed on the Red List of "Threatened" species.