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Learn about the most important analyzes of anemia to detect the disease in children


After the Ministry of Health and Population revealed a group of diseases that affect children due to malnutrition, including anemia, and in the framework of President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi’s directives on the need for early detection of children’s diseases and treatment of malnutrition problems, we learn in this report the most prominent analyzes of anemia in children and symptoms of infection out.


 According to the American University of Rochester website, anemia or anemia is a common disease in children, and a child with anemia does not have enough red blood cells or sufficient hemoglobin, and hemoglobin is a special type of protein in red blood cells, allowing red blood cells Transporting oxygen to other cells in the body.


Anemia has three main causes:

 

Loss of red blood cells from bleeding.


Inability to produce enough red blood cells.


A medical condition that leads to the destruction of red blood cells.


Screening for anemia is an important part of child care. Many problems caused by anemia can be prevented when anemia is diagnosed in children at an early stage. In most cases, anemia can be diagnosed with some simple blood tests.


Screening for anemia using a hemoglobin test at age one is currently recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics and should include looking for risk factors for iron deficiency anemia and, if the hemoglobin level is low, further testing to determine the type of anemia.


If a child has any risk factors at any age, an anemia test should be done for older children, and a blood test for anemia may be done during the child's routine examination.


Symptoms of anemia in children

 

Many children with anemia have no symptoms, which is why it is important for children to have routine blood tests to check for the condition.


Some of the signs and symptoms that may make a doctor suspect anemia in a child include:


- pale skin


-irritability


-weakness


-Dizziness


Tongue inflammation


Rapid heartbeat


- quick breathing


- yellowing of the skin


Blood tests to diagnose anemia in children

Most types of anemia in children can be diagnosed with the following blood tests:


Hemoglobin and hematocrit. This is often the first screening test for anemia in children that measures the amount of hemoglobin in the blood and the amount of red blood cells in a blood sample.


Complete blood count (CBC). If your hemoglobin or hematocrit is abnormal, a complete blood count may be done. This test adds important information about your blood, including the volume of red blood cells (called mean body volume, or MCV).


Peripheral smear. This test is done with a smear of blood on a slide that is examined under a microscope. By looking at a child's blood cells under a microscope, a laboratory specialist may be able to diagnose a type of anemia that causes red cells to grow or develop abnormally.


Reticulocyte count Reticulocytes are immature blood cells Reticulocyte count measures the amount of newly formed red blood cells in a child's blood sample Too many red blood cells High number of reticulocytes.


Anemia treatment

 

Treatment of anemia in children depends on the type and cause of the anemia. In some cases, treatment may simply need to change the diet or use dietary supplements. In other cases, a blood transfusion or long-term treatment may be needed.

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