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All you need to know about "bacterial contamination" and blood poisoning


Bacterial contamination and blood poisoning are among the most dangerous cases that some people are exposed to, and this may be the result of a life-threatening infection in the bloodstream, and in this report, the seventh day provides everything you want to know about blood poisoning, according to the mayoclinic website.


Q: What causes blood poisoning?

 

Septicemia occurs when bacteria causing an infection in another part of the body enter the bloodstream. The presence of bacteria in the blood is referred to as bacteremia or septicemia, and the two terms are often used as "sepsis."


Such infections occur most commonly in the lungs, abdomen, and urinary tract, and are also seen more often in people who are hospitalized, where the risk of infection is already higher.


Q: Who are most at risk of septicemia?



1: People with weakened immune systems, such as those with HIV, AIDS or leukemia.


2: young children.


3: the elderly.


4: People with poor dental hygiene.


5: Those who use catheters.


6: People who underwent surgery.


7: Those who work in an environment highly susceptible to bacteria or viruses, such as in a hospital or outdoors.


Q: What are the symptoms of blood poisoning?

 

1: goose bumps.


2: moderate or high fever.


3: Weak.


4: Breathe fast.


5: Increased heart rate or palpitations.


6: Paleness of the skin, especially in the face.


7: Red spots on the skin that may grow larger and look like a large purple bruise


Septicemia can lead to respiratory distress syndrome and septic shock. If the condition is not treated promptly, these complications can lead to death.


Q: How is septicemia diagnosed?

 

It is difficult to self-diagnose septicemia because its symptoms mimic those of other conditions. The best way to determine if you have septicemia is to see a doctor. First, your doctor will perform a physical exam, which will include checking your temperature and blood pressure.


If septicemia is suspected, your doctor will perform tests to look for signs of a bacterial infection. Septicemia can be inferred with these tests:


1: Oxygen levels in the blood.


2: the proportion of blood.


3: coagulation factors.


4: Urine tests, including urine culture.


5: chest x-ray.


6: X-rays.


7: CT scan.


8: MRI.


9: Ultrasound.


If bacteria are present, determining its type will help your doctor decide which antibiotic to prescribe to clear the infection.


Q: What are the treatment options for septicemia?

 

Immediate treatment of septicemia is essential because the infection can spread rapidly to tissues or heart valves. Once you have been diagnosed with septicemia, you will likely be treated as an inpatient in a hospital. If you develop symptoms of shock, you will be admitted to the intensive care unit.


You may also receive intravenous oxygen and fluids to help maintain a healthy blood pressure and get rid of infection.

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