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3 options for laparoscopic obesity treatment, including gastric balloon surgery

The goal of obesity treatment is weight loss to achieve physical well-being and reduce obesity-related complications. Although physical activity and dietary changes are considered a first-line treatment for obesity, endoscopic bariatric treatment options remain one of the main options and include the following, according to onlymyhealth. .

1. Bariatric surgery


Bariatric surgery has proven to be an effective treatment for achieving and maintaining long-term weight loss. The success achieved in maintaining long-term weight loss and treating obesity-related diseases such as diabetes and high blood pressure is of particular importance, but despite being an effective method, 1 Only % of eligible patients undergo bariatric surgery.

2. Gastric balloon operation


Gastric balloon is one of the most effective procedures to reduce excess weight, and the gastric balloon operation is a non-surgical procedure that is performed under anesthesia, where an endoscopic camera called a gastroscope is inserted through the mouth inside the stomach to place a balloon, and once the camera is placed in the stomach, it is filled with sterile saline solution from About 500-750 ml, using a small tube attached to the balloon and then gently detaching the tube and then, once in the stomach, the presence of the balloon causes the stomach to fill up and reduce calorie intake, due to the weight of the balloon.


In general, the balloon helps to lose 10% of the total body weight loss, many patients are able to control their insulin and reduce the oral medications taken to control blood sugar, blood pressure and bad fats, the total operation including the insertion and control of the balloons can be done within 25 -30 minutes and the patient can be discharged either on the same day or the next day.

 The gastric balloon must remain in the stomach for at least 6-12 months and then be removed endoscopically for removal, the catheter attached to the balloon is withdrawn, the balloon is deflated, caught and removed through the mouth.


3. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy


It is a new technique that is effective in controlling body weight as the stomach size is reduced, and the sleeve gastrectomy is performed endoscopically only under anesthesia, and it does not require any incisions in the skin in the base. And reduce food consumption, after the operation patients feel full early due to the shrinking of the stomach size, which leads to eating fewer calories, and effective weight loss.