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What are blood and bone marrow cancers?.. and what are their most prominent symptoms?


Most leukemias begin in the bone marrow, where blood is produced, and leukemias occur when abnormal blood cells begin to grow out of control, disrupting the function of normal cells, which fight infection and produce new blood cells, according to the cancercenter website. And the bone marrow are:


1: leukemia

It is a blood cancer that arises in the blood and bone marrow, and it occurs when the body produces too many abnormal white blood cells and interferes with the bone marrow's ability to make red blood cells and platelets.



2: Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma

It is a leukemia that develops in the lymphatic system from cells called lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell that helps the body fight infection.



3: Multiple myeloma

It is a leukemia that begins in the blood plasma cells, a type of white blood cell that is made in the bone marrow, also known as the stages of multiple myeloma.



Some common symptoms of leukemia and bone marrow cancer include:

 

Fever and chills.


Constant fatigue and weakness.


Loss of appetite and nausea.


Unexplained weight loss.


Night sweats.


Bone/joint pain.


Abdominal discomfort.


Headache.


-Shortness of breath.


Frequent infection.


Itchy skin or a rash.


Swollen lymph nodes in the neck, armpit, or groin.


Treatment for leukemia and bone marrow cancer depends on the type of cancer, age, how quickly it has progressed, where it has spread and other factors. Some common leukemia treatments for leukemia, lymphoma and multiple myeloma include:


1: Stem cell transplantation:

A stem cell transplant infuses hematopoietic stem cells into the body. Stem cells can be collected from bone marrow, circulating blood, and umbilical cord blood.


2: Chemotherapy:

Chemotherapy uses anti-cancer drugs to interfere with and stop the growth of cancer cells in the body. Chemotherapy for leukemia sometimes involves giving several drugs together in a specific regimen. This treatment can also be given before a stem cell transplant.


3: Radiation therapy:

Radiation therapy can be used to destroy cancer cells or to relieve pain or discomfort. It can also be given before a stem cell transplant.

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