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How does a low-calorie diet affect gut health?

Some diets followed during a weight loss journey are considered unsafe and may cause more harm than good. For example, a low-calorie diet that aims to restrict calorie intake to maintain body weight can cause a person to have digestive problems such as impairing health. Intestines develop over time, indigestion, constipation, etc., so if you are on a low-calorie diet or plan to follow it, several factors must be considered, according to the website "Onlymyhealth."

- What is a low calorie diet?

A low-calorie diet is one of the diets that restrict the use of calories, where a person can consume between 800-1200 calories a maximum per day, and it may be difficult at first because calories provide the body with energy, which may result in feeling tired and exhausted and difficulty performing activities daily.

What is the relationship between a low-calorie diet and gut health?

Eating healthy food promotes gut health, but eating less than what the body requires in general is also harmful. According to an American study published in the journal Nature Publication, calorie restriction alters the gut microbiome and increases bacteria that cause intestinal problems such as colitis and diarrhea.

These bacteria affect the absorption of nutrients and lead to problems in the gut, impairing the body's energy balance.

What are the results of the study on the effects of a low-calorie diet on the health of the body?

The researchers concluded that a low-calorie diet severely alters our gut microbiome and appears to reduce colonization resistance to indigestion-causing bacteria and affect nutrient absorption through the gut, rendering it useless and ineffective.

A low-calorie diet may help you lose weight, but it can harm your health in other ways, so it's best to follow a healthy diet plan for a healthy body.