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What you do not know about GERD .. its symptoms, causes and methods of diagnosis


Swallowing is an integral part of the process of eating food and without it you will not be able to digest it properly, if you are facing any problem with swallowing, it may be a problem related to the esophagus, this condition is called achalasia, and a rare disease, but it must be treated in a timely manner to prevent complications associated with it, In the course of the next report, we learn about the symptoms of esophageal reflux and the causes of its occurrence, according to "onlymyhealth".


Gastroesophageal reflux

According to Dr. Kapil Sharma, Senior Consultant Gastroenterologist at Batra Hospital, India, achalasia is believed to be a neurodegeneration in which the esophagus stops functioning over time, and selective nerve fibers in the esophagus are believed to be responsible.


When you eat something, it is swallowed and passed to the body through the esophagus, in this state of health, the muscles of the esophagus do not contract, which impedes the passage of food, and the person with achalasia has difficulty swallowing food because the esophageal muscles do not work properly either, not only foods. Solid but patients are not able to swallow even liquids, which makes their condition worse. In some cases, food may come out when lying down because it remains undigested and stuck in the esophagus.


Symptoms of GERD

Difficulty swallowing food is a major sign that a person may develop esophageal reflux, but there are some other symptoms that may appear on these people in this case, and these are: heartburn, food reflux, cough, pneumonia, chest pain, and unexplained weight loss.


Causes of GERD

While the signs and symptoms of aphasia are prominent, the causes of this condition are still not clear. There are different theories and assumptions about this condition, for example, it is believed that the cause of this disease is neurodegeneration or loss of nerve cells in the esophagus, there is another theory. Impaired autoimmune responses and viral infections are possible causes of esophageal aphasia, in very rare cases, the cause of achalasia may be an infection or a genetic disorder.


Esophageal manometry

In this test, a catheter, which is a thin, flexible tube that carries pressure sensors in the nose, is inserted and then passed into the esophagus and then the stomach, the goal of this process is to collect information about how food travels to the stomach through the esophageal tube, the manometry test checks for muscle coordination The esophagus and its strength As food passes through it, this test helps determine the causes of other swallowing disorders to provide appropriate treatment.

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